The range in which you can strike by moving the right foot.
Try to unsettle your opponent before closing measure, it is more dangerous if he is static.
Once in measure, attack if he moves his feet, for example to settle his stance.
Don’t attack if he retreats, this will leave you open. You can follow without attacking, see chapter 4.
The range in which you can strike by bending the body.
It is very dangerous to gain this measure against a static opponent.
Gaining this measure takes two tempi, one to lift the foot and another to set it down.
Reasons not to fling the sword:
- No time to retarget
- Pushed more off-line if parried
- Slower, weaker
- The forte is weaker than the debole when the sword is flung
- Less accurate
- Takes longer to strike again
"Flinging" the sword doesn’t mean lunging, you can lunge without flinging. So what does it mean?
Don’t beat your opponents sword, you can be deceived easily. And even if you are not, your opponent’s forte may stay in place, allowing him to parry.
It is better to parry and counter in a single action, but it requires better judgement.
More important than anything else you must keep control of your blade at all time, occupying your opponent’s debole while keeping yours free. If your opponent cannot free his blade he cannot attack. Don’t fling your sword, you will lose control of it. Be patient and controlled.
If you launch an attack it must complete without interruption. If you perform a cavazione or other mutation it will not arrive on target or in tempo. Any mutation effectively starts a new tempo.
Don’t use two tempi actions. He is really serious about this.