Giovanni selects four low guards to focus on, but he does mention others.
- Coda lunga stretta: Sword outside the right side, right foot forward
- Coda lunga alta: Sword outside the right side, left foot forward
- Porta di ferro: Sword above the knee, right foot forward
- Cinghiale porta di ferro: Sword above the knee, left foot forward
For all four primary guards, the point is aimed at the opponent. If the point is lowered, it becomes larga or wide/large. Raising the tip returns it to stretta or narrow. Raising the hand itself while keeping the point online makes it alta.
The secondary guard Coda lunga distesa is when the the point is backwards away from the opponent.