The strikes and guards renamed by Johannes Lecküchner.
The Krumphau, or Crooked Stroke, becomes the Weckerhau – the Awakening Stroke.
The Zwerchhau, or Thwart Stroke, becomes the Entrüsthau – the Disarming Stroke.
The Schielhau, or Squinting Stroke, becomes the Zwingerhau – the Constraining Stroke.
The Scheitelhau, or Scalp Stroke, becomes the Geferhau – the Endangering Stroke.
Each of these new names sounds more aggressive than the longsword antecedent. All this focus on surprise, restraint, and danger is tough talk to be sure!
With the four primary guards, the effect of the change is even more profound. The two “closed wards” for the longsword, Ochs (Ox) and Pflug (Plow), are stripped of their bucolic tranquility and in the messer become , respectively, Stier (Bull or Steer) and Eber (Boar) – clearly, far more brawny names.
The open wards – Vom Tag (From the Roof, or From the Day, depending on your interpretation…), and Alber (Fool), are similarly toughened up. The former becomes Luginslant (Watchtower), while the latter becomes Pastei (Bastion). If the agrarian names for the closed wards have been changed to please the bull fighter or huntsman, here the appeal must be to military sensibilities, in both vigilance and stout defense.