As it last stood, there is a debate as to whether the montante is just a rising falso that goes into alta or a true edge cut that ascends along the line of a rising falso. I’ve done some more research and this is what I’ve managed to assemble.
Beyond these five there are two which are not principal because they only occur in the play of sword and buckler. The first is called “tramazzone”, which is done with the wrist of the hand that has the sword, with that winding from below upwards toward your left side in the manner of a fendente; the other is called “montante”, because it is thrown from below upwards in the fashion of a falso which ascends to finish in guardia alta.
Note that both Montante (mast) and Sotto Manco (underhand) are depicted as rising cuts along the #8 line.
What is mandritto tondo, mandritto fendente, mandritto sgualembrato, mandritto redoppio, and falso dritto and montante and you know that from this begins all these attacks. And from the left demonstrate roverso tondo and roverso sgualembrato, roverso fendente, and roverso redoppio, and false manco, and falso, and dritto, and falso roverso; which in principle you will give them meaning. And of what is dritto and roverso, making every one against said segno.
Usually Marozzo starts the montante by touching the boss of the buckler with the false edge. You can easily find several examples such as:
Then bring the false edge of the sword towards the copula del brochiero making a gran passo with the right foot towards the left and immediately cut with a montante as the right foot comes left.
Then punch the sword with the brochiero and in said punching I want you to do a half turn of the fist, that is to move the point of the sword towards the ground and touch the copula of the brochiero with the false edge of the sword and pass with the right foot into a gran passo towards the left. Cut with a montante and end in guard ia alta with the brochiero as extended as possible.
Countering, move the point of the sword towards the ground. Now you will touch the false edge of the sword to the high outside of the brochiero. Pass in this touching with your right foot into a gran passo forward of the left. In this passing step cut with a montante at the rim of the brochiero. Your will now be in the guardia alta with the right foot close to the left and the arm with the brochiero well extended.
Next throw the right foot behind the left hand and cut with a fendente at the rim of the brochiero and your sword will move into the coda lunga e distesa. In the same time bring the left foot close by the right. Raise immediately said left and punch with the brochiero. Having made the punch bring your sword point to the ground and you will beat the copula of the brochiero with the false edge of the sword and mount a montante with the right foot forward of the left. The right foot should now be close by the left and your sword will be in the guardia alta with your arm and legs well formed and tight.
Make a half turn of the hand, that is taking the point of the sword towards the ground and beating in one time the false edge of the sword on the copula of the brochiero pass your right foot forward and mount a montante to the rim of the brochiero and go into the guardia di testa with the feet close together and your arms and legs extended.
Your right foot should be close by the left. In one time throwing a roverso sgualembrato that engages the head to the arm precisely. For until to the feet of his right side. Mounting a montante your right foot should be close by the left and your sword will go into the guardia di testa. Now, embellishing the play you have tagliare (cuts), toccare di brochiero touching of the buckler), and montare di montante (up wards cuts). With these your sword will go into the guardia di testa and your right foot will be close by the left and your arms well extend ed with the person to the right.
Without the buckler touch
Bring the sword hand forward and place the sword point towards the ground and then bring the right foot forward and cut with a montante.
is in the guardia di testa with the arms well extended. With this you will parry the attack of your enemy and issue immediately a mandritto tondo to the leg that goes under the arm, throwing in one true time a roverso sgualembrato. And when you have thrown said roverso cut with a high montante and in this cut pull your right foot close by the left.
Now if said enemy throws a shot to the head or legs I want you to throw your right foot forward to the left putting the sword aside with your buckler and sword together. Then do a mandritto to the legs and return immediately the right foot close by the left and in one time move said to the right and throw a roverso sgualembrato, a montante, and then your sword will go into the guardia alta with your right foot close by the left.
Throwing a roverso sgualembrato that engages the head and ends with the point at the feet. Mount a montante and your sword will go into a guardia alta. Here there is need to make beautiful the play. That is in tagliare, and in chioccare di brochiero, and in montare and when you raise your sword do not pass into guardia di testa and your arm is well extended and formed.
Here is a “montante like thrust”.
Here you will embellish your play in a useful manner with chioccare e montare with a ponta in the act of a montante that does not pass into said porta di ferro alta as aforementioned.
For your defense, you should cut with a roverso fendente to the rim of the buckler, at the same time pulling your right foot behind the left, then pulling the left again behind the right. Here, you will embellish the play in the usual fashion, that is by means of chioccare [striking the hub of the buckler with a cut as he describes in another chapter?] and thrusting upward in montante fashion (which thrust will not go past the position of a porta di ferro alta). In this manner, you will return in the same position described above.
The other is that if he intended to pass with his left foot as he feinted a push, or if he actually intended to push, with that motion you would hurl your right foot behind the left (as he pushes). At the same time, you would thrust at him in montante fashion. This will proceed upwards towards his face, and your sword will end in cinghiara porta di ferro alta. From here, you will embellish the play. You will withdraw your left foot near the right, then you will be able to step out with said left foot and strike your brochiero and go up in the usual fashion to porta di ferro alta.
If your opponent feints at you with the said thrust as you are in the guardia alta (or if your sword has reached a high position after you performed a montante), I advise that you are especially careful never to take your eye away from his sword-hand.
This one seems rather definitive:
And the montante is that which departs with the true edge of the sword from beneath and goes to strike to the point of the adversary’s right shoulder.